DevOps is one of the practices that is rapidly being adopted by both large-scale enterprises as well as medium to small digital organizations. But there still exists some confusion about what DevOps is, given its many definitions. Some experts classify it as a set of modern IT practices while other experts call it a culture or a movement. To help you understand the concept better, here’s an overview of what DevOps is, its benefits and best practices.
What is DevOps?
The term DevOps, as you can guess, is a combination of ‘development’ and ‘operations.’ This will help define what Dev Ops does – bringing together software developers and operations teams to work collaboratively.
DevOps can thus be defined as a combination of software development practices, tools and cultural philosophies designed to enable organizations to rapidly reduce the systems development lifecycle and deliver applications and services faster than was possible using traditional development and operational practices.
It is important to remember that DevOps is not a technology or standard – it extends beyond that to a wider cultural change for organizations.
How DevOps Works
A Gartner report describes DevOps as a “change in IT culture focusing on rapid IT service delivery through the adoption of agile, lean practices.” The aim of DevOps is to remove the silos of the development and operations teams. Often in DevOps, the two teams will work as one across the application lifecycle, assisted by an integrated QA and security teams.
DevOps teams automate processes that are manual and time-consuming. Technology stack and tools help in operating applications rapidly and help engineers in reducing dependency on other teams which enables the team to deliver results faster.
DevOps Best Practices
The DevOps model works with a few crucial practices that enable organizations to streamline processes and thus innovate faster as per market requirements. For example, one of the key practices is to perform frequent small updates which allow them to fix bugs soon after deployment. DevOps models will provide incremental and more frequent updates and deployments than any standard model that organizations may have used previously.
Continuous Integration is a development practice in which developers integrate code into a shared repository daily. This daily integration allows for the early detection of bugs and errors, which leads to faster problem-solving. This also reduces the time taken for validation and release of new software updates.
Continuous Delivery is a software engineering approach which requires teams to produce software in short cycles, ensuring that the software can be reliably released at any time. Code changes are automatically built and tested. The software is released manually.
Microservices is a software development technique and approach where an application is built as a set of smaller services. In a microservices architecture, services are usually fine-grained with lightweight protocols. Developers can use different frameworks or programming languages to write microservices. These can be deployed either as a single service or as a group.
Infrastructure as Code
Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is a practice in which infrastructure is provisioned and managed using code and software development techniques, like version control and continuous integration. IaC helps reduce the complexity that is responsible for making a manual configuration inefficient.
Continuous monitoring is a must in a DevOps model as it allows for the early detection and fixing of errors. There are two kinds of monitoring in DevOps – server monitoring and application performance monitoring. Continuous monitoring ensures improved stability as teams can measure the performance in a much more efficient manner.
Collaboration & Communication
Open and increased communication and collaboration across teams is one of the hallmarks of DevOps culture. Automation of software delivery process and DevOps tooling ensures and encourages collaboration by combining workflows of the development and operations teams so that they are no longer siloed. This results in open communication across teams including sales, which enables everyone in the organization to be on the same page.
Benefits of DevOps
The benefits of DevOps are plenty. Speed is of the essence these days for all business. DevOps ensures that organizations can innovate faster and adapt to changing markets better.
Practices like continuous integration and continuous delivery automate the software release process in a DevOps model. DevOps helps organizations scale up their infrastructure and development processes reliably and results in increased and significantly improved collaboration between teams.
Organizations that have adopted the DevOps model reap its benefits like improved stability, security and increased app deployment speed. At Tricon, we enable you to produce quick and efficient software products and services while improving operational performance. Contact us to find out more about how our DevOps services can help you.